「不規則動詞」タグアーカイブ

【暗記する英文法】主な不規則動詞

AAA型
  • cost — cost — cost
  • cut — cut — cut
  • hit — hit — hit
  • hurt — hurt — hurt
  • let — let — let
  • put — put — put
  • quit — quit — quit
  • read — read — read
  • set — set — set
  • shut — shut — shut
ABA型
  • become — became — become
  • come — came — come
  • overcome — overcame — overcome
  • run — ran — run
ABB型
  • bring — brought — brought
  • build — built — built
  • buy — bought — bought
  • catch — caught — caught
  • feel — felt — felt
  • find — found — found
  • have/has — had — had
  • hear — heard — heard
  • hold — held — held
  • keep — kept — kept
  • lay — laid — laid
  • lead — led — led
  • leave — left — left
  • lend — lent — lent
  • lose — lost — lost
  • make — made — made
  • mean — meant — meant
  • meet — met — met
  • pay — paid — paid
  • say — said — said
  • sell — sold — sold
  • send — sent — sent
  • shoot — shot — shot
  • shine — shone — shone
  • sit — sat — sat
  • sleep — slept — slept
  • spend — spent — spent
  • stand — stood — stood
  • teach — taught — taught
  • tell — told — told
  • think — thought — thought
  • understand — understood — understood
  • win — won — won
ABC型
  • be/is, am — was — been
  • be/are — were — been
  • begin — began — begun
  • break — broke — broken
  • choose — chose — chosen
  • do/does — did — done
  • draw — drew — drawn
  • drink — drank — drunk
  • drive — drove — driven
  • eat — ate — eaten
  • fall — fell — fallen
  • fly — flew — flown
  • forget — forgot — forgotten
  • get — got — gotten/got
  • give — gave — given
  • go — went — gone
  • grow — grew — grown
  • hide — hid — hidden
  • know — knew — known
  • lie — lay — lain
  • ride — rode — ridden
  • rise — rose — risen
  • see — saw — seen
  • shake — shook — shaken
  • show — showed — shown/showed
  • sing — sang — sung
  • speak — spoke — spoken
  • steal — stole — stolen
  • swim — swam — swum
  • take — took — taken
  • tear — tore — torn
  • throw — threw — thrown
  • wear — wore — worn
  • write — wrote — written

【暗記する英文法】不規則動詞の規則

不規則動詞は英語の歴史の中でだんだんと減ってきた(規則動詞化した)。現代英語でもなお残っている不規則動詞は,日常生活に密着しているためにその変化が起きなかった,と考えられる。

不規則動詞は英語が本来持っていた言語的性質に基づくものが多く,その性質を理解すると少しだけ規則的にもみえる。

母音変化による変化が多い
・eat – ate – eaten
・begin – began – begun
自動詞が多く含まれる
・lie – lay – lain
・sit – sat – sit
過去分詞が-enで終わる語が多い
・rise – rose – risen
・forget – forgot – forgotten
過去形と過去分詞形が同じ形の不規則動詞は -tで終わることが多い
・keep – kept – kept
・build – built – built